MH-Z14 / MH-Z19 CO2 sensor

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bertrik
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MH-Z14 / MH-Z19 CO2 sensor

#1 Post by bertrik » 27 Jul 2016, 19:18

Hi,
I'm planning to create a CO2 sensor using an MH-Z19 sensor module.
As far as I can see this sensor module is not supported yet by ESPEasy and I'd like to add it if possible.
It uses a 8N1 3.3V serial connection to receive a measurement command and send back the result.
As far as I can tell, this sensor has a serial format compatible with the MH-Z14 CO2 sensor module.
Is anyone else already working on this, or can I go ahead and try adding support for it?
Regards, Bertrik

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Re: MH-Z14 / MH-Z19 CO2 sensor

#2 Post by bertrik » 31 Jul 2016, 00:46

I've been looking a bit into doing serial port communication on the ESP.
Apparently you can call Serial.swap() to swap the serial port to pins GPIO15(TX) and GPIO13(RX).

I plan to use this mechanism to talk to the MH-Z19. So I'll connect the sensor to GPIO15 and GPIO13 and it won't interfere with normal debug serial port output.
Just before and after communication with the MH-Z19, the serial port is swapped to GPIO15/13 and back, so we can communicate with the sensor but other debug output still appears the normal way.

I have some code already to send the serial command and receive the sensor serial response, now I'll just have to wait for the actual sensor to arrive to try it.

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Re: MH-Z14 / MH-Z19 CO2 sensor

#3 Post by tedenda » 31 Jul 2016, 16:42

I have written a plugin for reading CO2 sensor from SenseAir.
I checked the data sheet for the sensor you mentioned but they don't have the same protocol, but very similar.
Take a look in ESPPlayground, maybe there should only be one plugin with support for different brands and models?

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Re: MH-Z14 / MH-Z19 CO2 sensor

#4 Post by bertrik » 01 Aug 2016, 15:33

Interesting info, I was wondering about the SenseAir S8 a bit because it seems to have a form factor and pinout identical to the MH-Z19. The S8 is a more expensive though (like E75,- for the S8 vs E25,- for the MH-Z19).
I now guess this is because they developed a more advanced firmware inside the sensor, which for example does things like automatic background calibration algorithm.
This may also explain why the communication protocol is different (e.g. using CRC instead of a simple checksum).

Personally, I would consider it like a different kind of sensor because of this.

I see you use software serial in your driver.
This makes it a lot more flexible than my proposal for using Serial.swap() with respect to which pins can be used.
I just have a bit of mistrust in software serial, but at low data rates it may not make any difference.

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Re: MH-Z14 / MH-Z19 CO2 sensor

#5 Post by tedenda » 03 Aug 2016, 00:51

Yes, it's probably best to keep these as separate plugins. My intention is to continue to develop the SenseAir plugin to more data of the S8-sensor and also support more variants of sensors from SenseAir.

Myself and colleagues have run the SenseAir plugin for several weeks and I have not had any problem and have not heard of problems so SoftSerial seams to be okay for this application.

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Re: MH-Z14 / MH-Z19 CO2 sensor

#6 Post by fluppie » 03 Aug 2016, 12:20

Cool! I'm keen to build a device to monitor CO2 around the house :). I'm following this topic!

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Re: MH-Z14 / MH-Z19 CO2 sensor

#7 Post by bertrik » 10 Aug 2016, 22:27

My MH-Z19 arrived yesterday. I notice that it reacts very quickly (usually within 10 ms) to a command, but that the measurement data is only updated every 5 seconds (you can also see a glowing light inside the sensor every 5 seconds). I also saw that it seems to output more than just temperature and co2 level: one of the returned bytes always has just one bit set. Could this be some kind of sensor status register? Two of the other returned bytes appear to be some other number. Just after power-up, it always outputs a value of 400 ppm, then jumps around and takes a few minutes to stabilize to the final value. During this time the mystery number is 15000 decimal, which seems to stabilize to a value of about 10606 after some time, I wonder about the meaning of this number, perhaps an estimate of air pressure?
The code I'm using to play with the sensor is at https://github.com/bertrik/mhz19

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Re: MH-Z14 / MH-Z19 CO2 sensor

#8 Post by NetEye » 24 Aug 2016, 13:23

Hello,
Interesting, can anybody maybe help to make this work with the following 2 sensors on a ESP12E working with ESPEasy?

• MQ-2 MQ2 Smoke Gas LPG Butane Hydrogen Gas Sensor

• MQ-7 Carbon Monoxide CO Gas Alarm Sensor

Thanks for your time

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Re: MH-Z14 / MH-Z19 CO2 sensor

#9 Post by bertrik » 30 Oct 2016, 13:08

Replying to myself again:
My brother e-mailed the manufacturer. Apparently you can change the 0-2000ppm variant of the MH-Z19 into a 0-5000ppm variant (and vice versa)
You can find the command to change the measurement range at: https://revspace.nl/MHZ19#command_0x99_.28range.29

I tried various other command codes and several of them seem to return data or have some kind of effect. I'd like to find the setting for the alarm output, but I'm a bit afraid of accidentally destroying calibration data or something like that.

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Re: MH-Z14 / MH-Z19 CO2 sensor

#10 Post by bertrand » 30 Oct 2016, 14:11

I just ordered one as I need to measure CO2 for my Hydroponic greenhouse :)

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Re: MH-Z14 / MH-Z19 CO2 sensor

#11 Post by hugo11 » 08 Nov 2016, 21:18

hi guys,
feedback, just built the co2 sensor with mhz19. so far (2 days) working fine with the code from playground. I set the power to 3.6V and power both the sensor and esp from one supply. thanks a lot to the developers.

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Re: MH-Z14 / MH-Z19 CO2 sensor

#12 Post by ThinkPadNL » 18 Jan 2017, 08:06

A few days ago i received a MH-Z19. Unfortunately, i cannot get it working with the plugin.
I know the sensor is fine, because with this code it works great.

In both code i have the wires connected to the same pins (D3 and D6). I tested under ESPEasy if these were assigned to the correct GPIOs and it was (connected my multimeter to these pins and made them high/low in ESPEasy and my multimeter showed accordingly). So i am 100% confident that i have the MH-Z19 connected to the correct GPIO's that i defined in when selecting the sensor under 'Devices'.

Does anyone know how to get it working?

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Re: MH-Z14 / MH-Z19 CO2 sensor

#13 Post by Mariete » 18 Jan 2017, 11:43

ThinkPadNL wrote:A few days ago i received a MH-Z19. Unfortunately, i cannot get it working with the plugin.
I know the sensor is fine, because with this code it works great.

In both code i have the wires connected to the same pins (D3 and D6). I tested under ESPEasy if these were assigned to the correct GPIOs and it was (connected my multimeter to these pins and made them high/low in ESPEasy and my multimeter showed accordingly). So i am 100% confident that i have the MH-Z19 connected to the correct GPIO's that i defined in when selecting the sensor under 'Devices'.

Does anyone know how to get it working?
I received mine last week and made it work without problems.

I'm using for communication D5 and D6

Image

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Re: MH-Z14 / MH-Z19 CO2 sensor

#14 Post by Fasthook » 18 Jan 2017, 14:32

Mariete wrote:
ThinkPadNL wrote:A few days ago i received a MH-Z19. Unfortunately, i cannot get it working with the plugin.
I know the sensor is fine, because with this code it works great.

In both code i have the wires connected to the same pins (D3 and D6). I tested under ESPEasy if these were assigned to the correct GPIOs and it was (connected my multimeter to these pins and made them high/low in ESPEasy and my multimeter showed accordingly). So i am 100% confident that i have the MH-Z19 connected to the correct GPIO's that i defined in when selecting the sensor under 'Devices'.

Does anyone know how to get it working?
I received mine last week and made it work without problems.

I'm using for communication D5 and D6

Image

Thanks! Received mine on Saturday and it took me a steep dive in downloading the Arduino IDE, plugins, libraries, compiling sketches, but failed to get it to work. Your screenshot was the missing link :D

PS. TX on sensor to D5 on Wemos, RX on sensor to D6 on Wemos. Got CRC error the other way around.
PPS. Selecting air quality sensor as virtual sensor did not work for me, had to select custom sensor. Otherwise value remained 0 PPM in Domoticz

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Re: MH-Z14 / MH-Z19 CO2 sensor

#15 Post by ThinkPadNL » 18 Jan 2017, 18:46

Thanks for responding with the screenshot.
I will try again with Wemos D1 Mini when i have received that one. The sensor is now connected to a NodeMCU.

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Re: MH-Z14 / MH-Z19 CO2 sensor

#16 Post by ThinkPadNL » 24 Jan 2017, 19:30

So today i have received a Wemos D1 Mini.

I downloaded the latest ESPEasy from here (download the repo as .zip), extracted it and added the _P149_MHZ19.ino to the other .ino files.
Then opened ESPEasy.ino from the Arduino IDE, which also loaded the other .ino files in the tabs. Compiled it for Wemos D1 Mini and flashed it.

Then configured the device:
Image

But the ppm stays zero all the time:
Image

I don't know what i am doing wrong. The MH-Z19 is working fine with a different sketch.

Pin 'Tx' from CO2 is connected to 'D5' on Wemos
Pin 'Rx' from CO2 is connected to 'D6' on Wemos
Pin 'Vin' from CO2 is connected to '5V' on Wemos
Pin 'GND' from CO2 is connected to 'G' on Wemos

Why doesn't it work?

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Re: MH-Z14 / MH-Z19 CO2 sensor

#17 Post by papperone » 24 Jan 2017, 19:34

The sketch you linke (which seems to work) uses D1 and D2, did you try those 2 pins?
Another thought is that maybe TX and RX are swapped, did you try to swap either the wires or the PIN configuration in ESPEasy?
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My Wiki Project page with self-made PCB/devices --> https://www.letscontrolit.com/wiki/inde ... :Papperone

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Re: MH-Z14 / MH-Z19 CO2 sensor

#18 Post by ThinkPadNL » 24 Jan 2017, 19:53

Thanks for your reaction. I also tried pins D1 and D2 (after disabling SDA/SCL on them in the 'Hardware' tab) but that didn't make any difference.
I also tried reversing RX/TX for D1/D2 and D5/D6 but still no luck.

I don't use Domoticz, but MQTT (Mosquitto) and configured the Wemos for 'OpenHAB MQTT'. But as the 'Devices' page also stays on 0.00 ppm i think it is something with the readout of the sensor. But what??

Is the method for flashing ESPEasy + this MH-Z19 plugin to the Wemos correct?

Edit: It works! The solution was that i had to fill in a value in the field 'IDX / Var'. But i don't even use Domoticz, only MQTT and had already changed the 'Protocol' on the 'Main' page to 'OpenHAB MQTT'. Not funny, another hour of my life gone that i don't get back :|

Code: Select all

mqtt@mqtt-vm:~$ mosquitto_sub -v -t /WemosCO2/# | xargs -d$'\n' -L1 sh -c 'date "+%D %T.%3N $0"'
01/24/17 20:09:55.805 /WemosCO2/CO2/PPM 671.00
01/24/17 20:10:25.834 /WemosCO2/CO2/PPM 669.00
01/24/17 20:10:55.864 /WemosCO2/CO2/PPM 671.00
01/24/17 20:11:25.895 /WemosCO2/CO2/PPM 666.00
01/24/17 20:11:55.925 /WemosCO2/CO2/PPM 662.00
01/24/17 20:12:25.955 /WemosCO2/CO2/PPM 648.00

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Re: MH-Z14 / MH-Z19 CO2 sensor

#19 Post by pwassink » 24 Feb 2017, 12:08

Hello,

Last week my long-awaited C02-sensor arrived, a nice and tiny "golden" box with an Ndir based MH-Z19 0-2000 Ppm inside.
Made me an new esp-easy-version with the required mh-z19 plugin inside, followed the info on the forum and
with some fiddeling i got reasonable PPm values on the internal Easy logging and within Domoticz overhere, me happy..

It was very bad wet and stormy weather here yesterday, so i could not "calibrate" the sensor in outside air
which should be somewhere around 400 Ppm Co2 as i interpreted al the mentioned figures right.
This is where things got a bit wild overhere .. i see many large variations with a 1 minute sample interval
from around 400 up to double values or more, there is almost mo wind, sensor is in free air in my backyard.
is this normal ? could there be that much difference in outside air ?

Anyone has same behaviour seen with this sensor .. ? Or a solution ?

Peter

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Re: MH-Z14 / MH-Z19 CO2 sensor

#20 Post by ThinkPadNL » 24 Feb 2017, 21:36

Have a look here: https://gathering.tweakers.net/forum/li ... 5#50345695

It seems the module is very sensitive to infrared light, so you should cover it from direct sunlight.
Also airflow is something that can influent the readings badly.

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Re: MH-Z14 / MH-Z19 CO2 sensor

#21 Post by pwassink » 25 Feb 2017, 11:58

ThinkPadNL wrote:Have a look here: https://gathering.tweakers.net/forum/li ... 5#50345695

It seems the module is very sensitive to infrared light, so you should cover it from direct sunlight.
Also airflow is something that can influent the readings badly.
Yes,

That is exactly what was happening, it was on the table in full sunlight, i did spend some time with a modified cardboard box
with a kind of labyrinth which will let air flow through but almost no light and it was much more stable then ..

Even with the box inside the house it is quite sensible, but not as wild as it was in the direct sunlight , thanks ..

Peter

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Re: MH-Z14 / MH-Z19 CO2 sensor

#22 Post by hugo11 » 10 Mar 2017, 18:17

maybe a tip what could help as I never had issues with light

I ordered one of these cheap smoke detectors off ebay, removed the crap and installed the ESP and MHZ19 into it.. working fine.

http://www.ebay.com/itm/Fire-Smoke-Sens ... pFsJv_PcRA

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Re: MH-Z14 / MH-Z19 CO2 sensor

#23 Post by manjh » 17 Aug 2017, 06:37

tedenda wrote:
03 Aug 2016, 00:51
Yes, it's probably best to keep these as separate plugins. My intention is to continue to develop the SenseAir plugin to more data of the S8-sensor and also support more variants of sensors from SenseAir.

Myself and colleagues have run the SenseAir plugin for several weeks and I have not had any problem and have not heard of problems so SoftSerial seams to be okay for this application.
I have set up an ESP unit with several sensors, of which one is a Senseair S8. Works great, but when I try to link it to an "Air quality" device in Domoticz, it does not feed any values. In Domoticz it stays on zero.
I then defined a "user-defined" device, and linked the S8 to that idx. Values come in just great.
As a workaround I now use a script that copies those values from the user-defined into the air quality, but that is a workaround not really a solution to the problem.
Where should I report this bug for plugin P052?

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Re: MH-Z14 / MH-Z19 CO2 sensor

#24 Post by LisaM » 17 Aug 2017, 18:49

manjh wrote:
17 Aug 2017, 06:37
I have set up an ESP unit with several sensors, of which one is a Senseair S8. Works great, but when I try to link it to an "Air quality" device in Domoticz, it does not feed any values. In Domoticz it stays on zero.
I then defined a "userdefined" device, and linked the S8 to that idx. Values come in just great.
As a workaround I now use a script that copies those values from the user-defined into the air quality, but that is a workaround not really a solution to the problem.
Where should I report this bug for plugin P052?
It's not a bug, at least not in ESPEasy. Domoticz doesn't provide a standard device for this purpose...

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Re: MH-Z14 / MH-Z19 CO2 sensor

#25 Post by s3030150 » 24 Mar 2018, 08:26

Hello, maybe nobody will kill me for asking this here.

Anyone tried to get the MHZ19B working as standalone INO file wihout ESPEasy?

I'm experiencing zero responses from MHZ19B after certain period of time (cca 45-60minutes). The only solution is to power cycle the ESP8266 together with MHZ19B. Simple reset of ESP8266 does not help

With ESPEasy (using same hardware, just different program) the sensor is working fine forever, so I must be missing something in the code.

Could anybody help me with this, please? I would like to ise the ESPEasy code from Dmitry to read MHZ19B without using ESPEasy. The reason is that I need HTTPS support and I'm using custom 433MHz signal decoding from my meteo station, which is hard to implement for me (and no reason to do it) into ESPEasy.

If someone could do me a favor and waste some time to help me, I will paste my short code (and wiring and details) here or anywhere else. Please let me know.
Thanks

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Re: MH-Z14 / MH-Z19 CO2 sensor

#26 Post by TD-er » 24 Mar 2018, 12:49

You better have a look at the way the bytes are parsed from the serial port.
That seems rather elaborate, but the key is that you sometimes loose sync and have to find the right 'sync' again by throwing away some bytes and check the checksum.

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Re: MH-Z14 / MH-Z19 CO2 sensor

#27 Post by s3030150 » 24 Mar 2018, 12:57

So that's the shift about in espeasy sources? I will take espeasy sources and try to adapt it so it can be used in standalone program. I don't want to soil this thread with out of topic things but I'm quite helpless 😁

God help me haha 😁 thanks!

EDIT: got it, sorry for going off topic. Since I already have this comment here, I'll paste the function with shifting. thanks!

// mhz19uart is softwareserial

Code: Select all

int readCO2() {
	byte command[9] = {0xFF,0x01,0x86,0x00,0x00,0x00,0x00,0x00,0x79};
	byte uartReturn[9];
	mhz19uart.write(command, 9); //request co2value CO2

	while (mhz19uart.available() && (unsigned char)mhz19uart.peek() != 0xFF) {   // read byte after byte until we get the beginning 0xFF
		mhz19uart.read();
		shifts++; // count the shifts so we can see how much it happens
	}

	memset(uartReturn, 0, 9); // pre-fill uartReturn array with zeroes
	mhz19uart.readBytes(uartReturn, 9);  // read the response from serial

	if (uartReturn[8] == checksum(uartReturn) && uartReturn[1] == 0x86) {  // if CRC is correct and second byte contains command sent previously
		int co2value = (int)uartReturn[2]*256+(int)uartReturn[3];  // calculate ppm value from high and low bytes
		return co2value;
	} else {
		return -1; // return error - crc or wrong data returned
	}
}

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Re: MH-Z14 / MH-Z19 CO2 sensor

#28 Post by Barb232 » 28 Mar 2018, 18:36

i am measering always 5000 ppm, temperature values are ok.
What is the problem?

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Re: MH-Z14 / MH-Z19 CO2 sensor

#29 Post by s3030150 » 28 Mar 2018, 18:39

@Barb232 Paste the code

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Re: MH-Z14 / MH-Z19 CO2 sensor

#30 Post by TD-er » 28 Mar 2018, 18:41

The sensor outputs always the max range value when it boots.
So if you're getting this value over and over again, the sensor is rebooting over and over again.
Try to improve the power supply to the sensor and use it on 5V, not 3V3.

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Re: MH-Z14 / MH-Z19 CO2 sensor

#31 Post by Barb232 » 28 Mar 2018, 18:42

// same problem with espeasy software !!!!
// always 5000 ppm

#include <stdio.h>

#include "Arduino.h"
#include "mhz19.h"

#include "SoftwareSerial.h"

#include <ESP8266WiFi.h>
#include <WiFiManager.h>
#include <PubSubClient.h>

#define PIN_RX D3
#define PIN_TX D4

#define MQTT_HOST "192.168.178.67"
#define MQTT_PORT 1883
#define MQTT_TOPIC "/fhem/sensors/co2/mhz19"
#define MQTT_TOPIC2 "/fhem/sensors/co2/temp"

SoftwareSerial sensor(PIN_RX, PIN_TX);
WiFiManager wifiManager;
WiFiClient wifiClient;
PubSubClient mqttClient(wifiClient);

static char esp_id[16];

static bool exchange_command(uint8_t cmd, uint8_t data[], int timeout)
{
// create command buffer
uint8_t buf[9];
int len = prepare_tx(cmd, data, buf, sizeof(buf));

// send the command
sensor.write(buf, len);

// wait for response
long start = millis();
while ((millis() - start) < timeout) {
if (sensor.available() > 0) {
uint8_t b = sensor.read();
if (process_rx(b, cmd, data)) {
return true;
}
}
}

return false;
}

static bool read_temp_co2(int *co2, int *temp)
{
uint8_t data[] = {0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0};
bool result = exchange_command(0x86, data, 3000);
if (result) {
*co2 = (data[0] << 8) + data[1];
*temp = data[2] - 40;
#if 1
char raw[32];
sprintf(raw, "RAW: %02X %02X %02X %02X %02X %02X", data[0], data[1], data[2], data[3], data[4], data[5]);
Serial.println(raw);
#endif
}
return result;
}

static void mqtt_send(const char *topic, int value, const char *unit)
{
if (!mqttClient.connected()) {
mqttClient.setServer(MQTT_HOST, MQTT_PORT);
mqttClient.connect(esp_id);
}
if (mqttClient.connected()) {
char string[64];
snprintf(string, sizeof(string), "%d %s", value, unit);
Serial.print("Publishing ");
Serial.print(string);
Serial.print(" to ");
Serial.print(topic);
Serial.print("...");
int result = mqttClient.publish(topic, string, true);
Serial.println(result ? "OK" : "FAIL");
}
}

void setup()
{
Serial.begin(115200);
Serial.println("MHZ19 ESP reader\n");

sprintf(esp_id, "%08X", ESP.getChipId());
Serial.print("ESP ID: ");
Serial.println(esp_id);

sensor.begin(9600);

Serial.println("Starting WIFI manager ...");
wifiManager.autoConnect("ESP-MHZ19");

}

void loop()
{
int co2, temp;
if (read_temp_co2(&co2, &temp)) {
Serial.print("CO2:");
Serial.println(co2, DEC);
Serial.print("TEMP:");
Serial.println(temp, DEC);

mqtt_send(MQTT_TOPIC, co2, "");
mqtt_send(MQTT_TOPIC2, temp, "");
}
delay(5000);
}

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Re: MH-Z14 / MH-Z19 CO2 sensor

#32 Post by Barb232 » 28 Mar 2018, 18:49

I am using 5V (external USB plug).
it boots with 410 and after a few measurements it runs into 5000
i am putting a case over it to prevent sunlight

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Re: MH-Z14 / MH-Z19 CO2 sensor

#33 Post by Barb232 » 28 Mar 2018, 18:58

other question: is the espeasy with this sensor now ok? I read in the documentation, that there are memory problems and i should use custom espeasy firmware.

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Re: MH-Z14 / MH-Z19 CO2 sensor

#34 Post by TD-er » 28 Mar 2018, 19:45

Barb232 wrote:
28 Mar 2018, 18:58
other question: is the espeasy with this sensor now ok? I read in the documentation, that there are memory problems and i should use custom espeasy firmware.
Where is that warning?
ESPeasy is running just fine with the MH-Z19 sensor for almost half a year now.

Maybe you should add some capacitor to the power pins of the sensor. It may take up to 200 mA peak. The ESP module itself may also require quite some peak.
And some cheap USB chargers don't really output what is being written on the case.
Also the USB cable itself may cause quite some voltage drop during peak currents.
Like I said, it only outputs the max. value during startup of the sensor.

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Re: MH-Z14 / MH-Z19 CO2 sensor

#35 Post by Barb232 » 28 Mar 2018, 19:48

TD-er wrote:
28 Mar 2018, 19:45
Barb232 wrote:
28 Mar 2018, 18:58
other question: is the espeasy with this sensor now ok? I read in the documentation, that there are memory problems and i should use custom espeasy firmware.
Where is that warning?
ESPeasy is running just fine with the MH-Z19 sensor for almost half a year now.

here:
https://www.letscontrolit.com/wiki/inde ... _MH-Z19%22

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Re: MH-Z14 / MH-Z19 CO2 sensor

#36 Post by s3030150 » 28 Mar 2018, 19:56

ESPEasy works fine even with the MH-Z19B version of the sensor, no problem here.

I'd say this:
- don't enable wifi, just test the sensor with a simple sketch without wifi (wifi won't consume power so powering the sensor will be more stable)
- calibrate the sensor (leave it outdoors for 30 minutes and upload the sketch which does zero point calibration in setup() once or twice
- if above does not help, have a look at the cabling and power requirements

apart from your problem, I see two things in your code:
1. is the shift I had problem with lately. sometimes you won't get the 0xFF as the first bit after sending command and you have to wait for it (look at my function few comments above). You are also not checking for the checksum, try to implement it. 1st byte of the answer should be 0xFF, 2nd is 0x86 and the checksum is the 9th byte. This way you will get only valid responses
2. is the delay(5000), I would do it using millis() instead just like you have it in the static bool exchange_command() function

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Re: MH-Z14 / MH-Z19 CO2 sensor

#37 Post by Barb232 » 28 Mar 2018, 19:58

ok, thank you. i will try that.

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Re: MH-Z14 / MH-Z19 CO2 sensor

#38 Post by s3030150 » 28 Mar 2018, 20:04

also try reading via PWM to see if the sensor has bad values, this code is working for me, just change the PWM pin.

Code: Select all

int pwm_pin=D8; // put the input pin here
int prevupdate=0;
int updateseconds=5;
int pwmvalue=0;
unsigned long tmptime=0;
int calibrateafter=300; //minutes


boolean timerExpired(unsigned long whenms){
  if(abs(millis()-whenms)>0) { return true; }else{ return false; }
}

int read_pwm_value() {
  int th = 0;
  int range=5000;
  double ppm = 0;

  do {
    th = pulseIn(pwm_pin , HIGH, 1004000) / 1000;
    ppm = range / 1000 * (th - 2);
  } while (th == 0);

  return (int) ppm;
}


void setup() {
    Serial.begin(115200);
    pinMode(pwm_pin,INPUT);
    Serial.println("Starting...");
}

void loop() {
    // put your main code here, to run repeatedly:

    if((abs(millis()-prevupdate)) > updateseconds*1000){
      Serial.print("reading PWM value... ");
      tmptime=millis(); 
      pwmvalue=read_pwm_value();
      Serial.println(String(pwmvalue)+" and reading took "+String(millis()-tmptime)+"ms");
      prevupdate=millis();
    }



}

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Re: MH-Z14 / MH-Z19 CO2 sensor

#39 Post by Barb232 » 28 Mar 2018, 20:13

same problem with pwm

Code: Select all

395 and reading took 15795ms
reading PWM value... 405 and reading took 14056ms
reading PWM value... 405 and reading took 13051ms
reading PWM value... 405 and reading took 12048ms
reading PWM value... 2525 and reading took 1932ms
reading PWM value... 4990 and reading took 12047ms
reading PWM value... 4990 and reading took 12048ms
reading PWM value... 4990 and reading took 13051ms
reading PWM value... 4990 and reading took 12047ms

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Re: MH-Z14 / MH-Z19 CO2 sensor

#40 Post by Barb232 » 28 Mar 2018, 20:19

snip
- calibrate the sensor (leave it outdoors for 30 minutes and upload the sketch which does zero point calibration in setup() once or twice

snip

where can i find this sketch?

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Re: MH-Z14 / MH-Z19 CO2 sensor

#41 Post by grovkillen » 28 Mar 2018, 20:22

I removed the warning on the wiki... haven't looked into that until you noticed it.
ESP Easy Flasher [flash tool and wifi setup at flash time]
ESP Easy Webdumper [easy screendumping of your units]
ESP Easy Netscan [find units]
Official shop: https://firstbyte.shop/
Sponsor ESP Easy, we need you :idea: :idea: :idea:

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Re: MH-Z14 / MH-Z19 CO2 sensor

#42 Post by s3030150 » 28 Mar 2018, 20:27

yeah so try calibrating it then.

you can use my test sketch which I put together from various sources around github. Disables ABC and performs calibration after 30 minutes, then it starts reading from serial.

Not sure if you should disable ABC at every start of your program or it remains disabled forever or until you enable it again. can somebody answer?

Code: Select all

#include <SoftwareSerial.h>
#include <SPI.h>
#include <Wire.h>


#define INTERVAL 5000
#define MH_Z19_RX D5 //RX
#define MH_Z19_TX D7 //TX



byte mhzResp[9];    // 9 bytes bytes response
byte mhzCmdReadPPM[9] = {0xFF,0x01,0x86,0x00,0x00,0x00,0x00,0x00,0x79};
byte mhzCmdCalibrateZero[9] = {0xFF,0x01,0x87,0x00,0x00,0x00,0x00,0x00,0x78};
byte mhzCmdABCEnable[9] = {0xFF,0x01,0x79,0xA0,0x00,0x00,0x00,0x00,0xE6};
byte mhzCmdABCDisable[9] = {0xFF,0x01,0x79,0x00,0x00,0x00,0x00,0x00,0x86};
byte mhzCmdReset[9] = {0xFF,0x01,0x8d,0x00,0x00,0x00,0x00,0x00,0x72};
byte mhzCmdMeasurementRange1000[9] = {0xFF,0x01,0x99,0x00,0x00,0x00,0x03,0xE8,0x7B};
byte mhzCmdMeasurementRange2000[9] = {0xFF,0x01,0x99,0x00,0x00,0x00,0x07,0xD0,0x8F};
byte mhzCmdMeasurementRange3000[9] = {0xFF,0x01,0x99,0x00,0x00,0x00,0x0B,0xB8,0xA3};
byte mhzCmdMeasurementRange5000[9] = {0xFF,0x01,0x99,0x00,0x00,0x00,0x13,0x88,0xCB};

int shifts=0,co2ppm;

long previousMillis = 0;

SoftwareSerial co2Serial(MH_Z19_RX, MH_Z19_TX); // define MH-Z19

byte checksum(byte response[9]){
  byte crc = 0;
  for (int i = 1; i < 8; i++) {
    crc += response[i];
  }
  crc = 255 - crc + 1;
  return crc;
}


void disableABC() {
 co2Serial.write(mhzCmdABCDisable, 9);
}

void enableABC() {
 co2Serial.write(mhzCmdABCEnable, 9);
}

void setRange5000() {
 co2Serial.write(mhzCmdMeasurementRange5000, 9);
}

void calibrateZero(){
 co2Serial.write(mhzCmdCalibrateZero, 9);
}

int readCO2() {
  byte cmd[9] = {0xFF, 0x01, 0x86, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x79};
  byte response[9];
  co2Serial.write(cmd, 9);
  // The serial stream can get out of sync. The response starts with 0xff, try to resync.
  while (co2Serial.available() > 0 && (unsigned char)co2Serial.peek() != 0xFF) {
    co2Serial.read();
    shifts++;
  }

  memset(response, 0, 9);
  co2Serial.readBytes(response, 9);

for (int i=0; i<9; i++) {
  Serial.print(" 0x");
  Serial.print(response[i], HEX);
}
Serial.println(" Response OK. Shifts="+String(shifts));


  if (response[1] != 0x86)
  {
    Serial.println(" Invalid response from co2 sensor!");
    return -1;
  }



  if (response[8] == checksum(response)) {
    int responseHigh = (int) response[2];
    int responseLow = (int) response[3];
    int ppm = (256 * responseHigh) + responseLow;
    return ppm;
  } else {
    Serial.println("CRC error!");
    return -1;
  }
}

void setup() {
  Serial.begin(115200);
  unsigned long previousMillis = millis();
  co2Serial.begin(9600); //Init sensor MH-Z19(14)
  delay(500);
  disableABC();
  //setRange5000();
  delay(1800000);
  calibrateZero();
  Serial.println("Zero was calibrated");
}

void loop() {
  unsigned long currentMillis = millis();
  if (abs(currentMillis - previousMillis) > INTERVAL)
  {
          previousMillis = currentMillis;
          Serial.print("Requesting CO2 concentration...");
          co2ppm=-999;
          co2ppm = readCO2();
          Serial.println("  PPM = " + String(co2ppm));
          //if(calibrated) { Serial.println("Zero was calibrated."); }
  }
}

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Re: MH-Z14 / MH-Z19 CO2 sensor

#43 Post by Barb232 » 28 Mar 2018, 20:31

i will do this tomorrow, thank you

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Re: MH-Z14 / MH-Z19 CO2 sensor

#44 Post by TD-er » 28 Mar 2018, 20:45

Just be very careful with the calibration commands.
The 400ppm calibration should be done in the same environment (temp/humidity) as the room it is being operated in.
And make sure you do not run it more than once per minute or so.
I've ruined one of my sensors by running it too fast in succession and that sensor is totally useless now since the 0 ppm level is now above 400 ppm.

Just have a thorough look at the code of the plugin of ESPeasy, or the same code, but more compact, in Tasmota.

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Re: MH-Z14 / MH-Z19 CO2 sensor

#45 Post by s3030150 » 28 Mar 2018, 20:47

the manufacturer says the sensor should be calibrated by calling calibration at least 20 minutes after operating the sensor in outdoor air, as far as I understood. why to calibrate it indoors?

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Re: MH-Z14 / MH-Z19 CO2 sensor

#46 Post by TD-er » 28 Mar 2018, 20:53

s3030150 wrote:
28 Mar 2018, 20:47
the manufacturer says the sensor should be calibrated by calling calibration at least 20 minutes after operating the sensor in outdoor air, as far as I understood. why to calibrate it indoors?
The thing is that (at least here in Holland) the air outside is much colder and therefore higher relative humidity.
What they mean is that you should perform calibration in about 400 ppm CO2 concentration.
That's outside, when you're not among lots of people or in the city.
When you need to do recalibration, it is probably because the sensor did not experience well ventilated air in the last few days and then it is quite useless to do the calibration in the same room.

But you have to take into account the temperature and humidity and make sure no IR light enters the sensor (sunlight)

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Re: MH-Z14 / MH-Z19 CO2 sensor

#47 Post by s3030150 » 28 Mar 2018, 21:05

That makes sense, thanks

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Re: MH-Z14 / MH-Z19 CO2 sensor

#48 Post by Barb232 » 29 Mar 2018, 09:02

Finally, it works.

i downloaded the document
http://www.winsen-sensor.com/d/files/in ... ver1_0.pdf

And i tried the method 8a (manual calibration)
I soldered a button between GND and HD and pressed the button for 7 seconds
waited 20 min with open window
Results: values 395 ppm
Lets wait and see
photo follows
using espeasy

Code: Select all

44042105 : MHZ19: PPM value: 395 Temp/S/U values: 21/0/0.00
44042105 : EVENT: co2sensor#PPM=395.00
44042107 : EVENT: co2sensor#Temperature=21.00
44042108 : EVENT: co2sensor#U=0.00
what is the meaning of U?

a few minutes later ...

Code: Select all

Log
285758 : EVENT: co2sensor#Temperature=21.00
285759 : EVENT: co2sensor#U=0.00
296021 : MHZ19: PPM value: 588 Temp/S/U values: 21/0/0.00
296022 : EVENT: co2sensor#PPM=588.00
296046 : EVENT: co2sensor#Temperature=21.00
296047 : EVENT: co2sensor#U=0.00
301398 : WD : Uptime 5 ConnectFailures 0 FreeMem 18664
306850 : MHZ19: PPM value: 540 Temp/S/U values: 21/0/0.00
306851 : EVENT: co2sensor#PPM=540.00
306875 : EVENT: co2sensor#Temperature=21.00
306875 : EVENT: co2sensor#U=0.00
316871 : MHZ19: PPM value: 497 Temp/S/U values: 21/0/0.00
316871 : EVENT: co2sensor#PPM=497.00
316895 : EVENT: co2sensor#Temperature=21.00
316896 : EVENT: co2sensor#U=0.00
327697 : MHZ19: PPM value: 459 Temp/S/U values: 21/0/0.00
327698 : EVENT: co2sensor#PPM=459.00
327725 : EVENT: co2sensor#Temperature=21.00
327726 : EVENT: co2sensor#U=0.00
331398 : WD : Uptime 6 ConnectFailures 0 FreeMem 18664
btw: i want to make a traffic light

red: ?
yellow: ?
green: ?

and how can i do that with a gpio LED rgb? rules

what value-ranges should i use?


/robin

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Re: MH-Z14 / MH-Z19 CO2 sensor

#49 Post by s3030150 » 29 Mar 2018, 10:26

Not able to help you with espeasy since I'm not using it, but you need to keep the window open for half an hour and after that calibrate, otherwise you will calibrate to wrong value

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Re: MH-Z14 / MH-Z19 CO2 sensor

#50 Post by Barb232 » 29 Mar 2018, 10:28

yes, i did this

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